ANCIENT & MEDIEVAL UKRAINE
    BC Ukraine had paleolithic and neolithic cultures.  From the late bronze age the "native" farmers began to be bothered by horse nomads: Sarmatians, Scythians, Celts, Huns, etc.  On the Black Sea coast were Greek and then Roman colonies, during which came Goths, Avars, Huns, then Slavs, Arabs, Turks, Mongols.  A rich mix, often not so easy to decide which culture made a given artifact.

UKRAINE, SARMATIAN/SCYTHIAN, c. 800-500 BC, bronze "bracelets," and fragments.  One of my antiquarian clients says I'm dreaming, but these make me think of African currency rods; hack off a piece when you need it to do the deal, from Lvov region, near Veliki Lubni.

UKB1) bronze "bracelet," 142x131mm, 118.8g, a round rod with earthworm like sections, tapering from 7mm to 4mm, large end broken off.  Patinated, most of that chipped off, then repatinated, all naturally, $180.00
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UKBR2) bronze "bracelet," 116x82mm, 65.4g, a rectangular rod with sections, probably not meant to be worn as is, patinated, some light pitting, $96.00
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UKBR3) bronze "bracelet," 98x79mm, 87.4g, patinated, some light pitting, $140.00
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UKBR4) bronze bracelet fragment, 68mm, 18.5g, patinated, some light pitting, $36.00
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    There is no doubt in my mind that the following were used in economic transactions, meaning that they were money.
UKBI1) UKRAINE, SARMATIAN/SCYTHIAN, c. 800-500 BC, bronze ingot, 47x9x7mm, 18.2g, from Lvov region, $160.00
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UKBI2) UKRAINE, SARMATIAN/SCYTHIAN, c. 800-500 BC, bronze ingot, 48x13x5mm, 21.3g, from Lvov region, $160.00
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UKGE1) UKRAINE, SCYTHIAN, c. 300-100 BC, gold earring, 19x8mm, 0.5g, teardrop shape with a 12x2.5mm applique of twisted gold wire decoration of circles between cords on half of the belly, no hook, small dent, VF+ $150.00 sold
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UKRR2) UKRAINE, CELTIC?, c. 200 BC?, bronze ring, 29mm outher diameter, 9.5g, knobs all over outer surface, reminds me of "Celtic wheel money" found from France to Bulgaria, crude, corroded VG  $43.00
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UKRF1) UKRAINE, ROMAN-BYZANTINE, etc., c. 200-800 AD, fibula fragments, 35-40mm, 2 bronze, 1 iron, corroded, $16.00
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UKBR5) UKRAINE,  BYZANTINE, more or less, c. 600-1000 AD, lot of glass bracelet fragments, 3 are twisted, largest is 47mm long, 4 pcs $24.00
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UKRF2) UKRAINE, c. 500-1000 AD?, bronze tongue of a fibula, 36x33mm, someone told me what culture & time this (probably) is, but I forgot, F $15.00
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UKRE1) UKRAINE, GOTHIC or PRE-CHRISTIAN SLAV, c. 400-1000 AD, pair of silver earring fragments, 15x20 & 16x19mm, filagree, $31.00
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UKRT1) UKRAINE, c. 300 BC-1000 AD?, bronze tweezer, 68mm long,  minimal decoration, broken, VG $12.50
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UKRB1) UKRAINE, c. 300 BC-1000 AD?, bronze dangle beads, smallest is 12mm tall & solid, the rest hollow, largest 49mm tall, 6 pieces, flaws, dents, etc., $18.50
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UKRL1) UKRAINE, c. 300 BC-1000 AD?, bronze bells, 15-23mm wide, minimal linear decoration, 3 pieces, flaws, bends, splits, $18.50
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UKRK1) UKRAINE, c. 500-1200 AD, buckles, 15-30mm, most bronze, a few iron, various types, some decorated, 11 pieces, G-VG $38.50 sold 9/14/2008
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UKRR1) UKRAINE, hard to tell time frame on these, say 2000 BC - 1600 AD, bronze rings:
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a)  fragment with a setting for a stone, 11x12mm, corroded piece of junk $1.00
b)  fragment with face on which is an incised flower, 10x12mm, G $3.00 sold
c)  nicely modelled ring, probably a stone was glued to the face, 19mm i.d, nice black patina, F $15.00 sold
d)  fancy cast arabesque pattern, 16mm dia., one end broken & ring was crudely rebent, VG $7.00
e)  flanges to hold stone & minimal decoration, 18mm dia., corroded, aG $3.50
f)  face is a crudely filed flat surface, 18x13mm, VG $7.00
g)  "design" of depressed circles, 20mm, corroded $5.00
 
 

UKRO1) UKRAINE, c. 6th-.13th c. AD, ornament lot, 33x25mm bronze plaque, 12mm bronze button, glass bead (or pearl?) in 13mm tin(?) plaque, 42mm long iron doodad, corroded, broken, $15.00 sold
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Bob Reis
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